PAS Resources

If you have knowledge of any parental alienation resources (articles, books, blogs, websites, etc.), that would benefit alienated parents,  please fill out  a contact form and include the title, description, and link if available.  We would be happy to include them once they are validated by Dr. Regina M.  Baldwin, D. Min., C.P.L.C

Thank you!

Why Traditional Therapy Won't Work in Cases of Parental Alienation by Ashish Joshi, Attorney

While traditional therapy may work in other situations, in cases involving parental alienation, such therapy can magnify and solidify the animosity and hatred that the alienated child feels towards the target parent. It can make a bad situation far worse. ... Effective therapy, in these circumstances, is reunification.Jul 18, 2017

Why Systemic Family Therapy CAN'T Help in Cases of Parental Alienation 

by Nick Woodall Family Separation and Reunification Practitioner, Parental Alienation Expert

Role of Mental Health Professionals in Parental Alienation

by Ashish Joshi, Attorney

Understanding Alienation

By Bill Eddy, LCSW, Esq.
President of the High Conflict Institute and the author of “It’s All Your Fault!”

New Ways for Families, a project of High Conflict Institute;

Professional Misunderstanding of Parental Alienation by Edward Kruk, Ph.D

Mistaking alienation for estrangement. Posted on Psychology Today 8/24/16

An understudied form of child abuse and ‘intimate terrorism’: Parental alienation

Researchers are urging psychological, legal and child custodial disciplines to recognize parental alienation as family violence. Posted Science News Source: Colorado State University November 27, 2018

The Impact of Parental Alienation on Children by Edward Kruk Ph.D.

Co-Parenting After Divorce


Parental Alienation and the Bystander Effect by Edward Kruk Ph.D

Combating the seeming indifference to suffering. Posted May 25, 2016 Psychology Today

Professional Misunderstanding of Parental Alienation by Edward Kruk Ph.D

Mistaking alienation for estrangement

How to Find a Parental Alienation Expert, Part 1 by Amy J.L. Baker Ph.D

Not all specialists are bona fide specialist. Posted Nov. 6, 2015 Psychology Today Online


How to Find a Parental Alienation Expert, Part 2 by Amy J.L. Baker Ph.D

Common mistakes non-PA experts make. Posted Nov. 10, 2015 Psychology Today Online


How to Find a Parental Alienation Expert Part 3 by Amy J.L. Baker Ph.D

What are the credentials of a bona fide PA expert? Posted Nov. 10, 2020 Psychology Today Online


Parental Alienation and Its Repair by Molly S. Castelloe Ph.D.

Recovering the parent-child relationship from a distorted reality.


The Attachment-Related Pathology of “Parental Alienation” by C.A. Childress, PSY.D. (2017)


Diagnostic Checklist for Pathogenic Parenting CA Childress, Psy.D. (2015/2017)

For Mental Health Professionals Treating or Diagnosing PA

This instrument documents the child’s symptoms in three areas: 1) Attachment Bonding Suppression, 2) Narcissistic Personality Traits, and 3) a Persecutory Delusion


Assessment Checklist for Pathogenic Parenting, 

C. A. Childress, Psy.D. (2020) for Mental Health Professionals Evaluating Pathogenic Parenting


Parental Alienation as Child Abuse and Family Violence by Edward Kruk Ph.D. Posted 1/10/19

Psychology Today Online

A form of emotional aggression and intimate terrorism


The Collected Works of Dr. Craig Childress


 An Attachment-Based Model of Parental Alienation: Foundations. Book by Dr. Childress

It is very clinical, so prepare yourself by becoming familiar with the material listed below before deciding if you want to go ahead and get the book.

Read the introductory chapter to An Attachment-Based Model of Parental Alienation: Foundations

Top 15 Things Targeted Parents Need to Know About Attachment-Based Parental Alienation (AB-PA) Article

Parental Alienation: The Attachment Theory by The Wallin Family Law Group

This is an excellent, easy to understand article about the basics of Attachment-Based Parental Alienation. It is not written by Dr. Childress himself, but the author admits that 95% of the article is the thoughts, ideas, and words of Dr. Childress.


Videos by Dr. Craig Childress: 

  1. Parental Alienation: An Attachment-Based Model (1:46:03)

  2. Treatment of Attachment-Based Parental Alienation (1:47:08)

  3. Dr. Childress Speaks With the Child (1:05:11)

  4. The Empowerment videos (2:08:51)


This is a list of answers to frequently asked questions that Dr. Childress receives from targeted parents.

Read these documents / blog posts:

  1. Gardner's Failed Model of PAS

  2. Three Levels of Analysis

  3. Trauma Reenactment in Parental Alienation

  4. Diagnosing Parental Alienation

  5. Key Concept: Splitting

  6. Subjective Reality of the Narcissistic/(Borderline) Parent

  7. Nothing New - No Excuse

  8. Parenting and Protest Behavior

  9. The Regulatory Other

  10. On Unicorns, the Tooth Fairy, and Reunification Therapy

  11. Therapy: Initial Considerations

  12. Reunification Therapy for Attachment-Based Parental Alienation

  13. Understanding the Child's Experience

  14. Assessing Parenting

  15. Assessment of Parental Capacity

  16. Court Consideration of Adolescent Wishes

  17. The Appointment of Minor's Counsel Must Stop

  18. Child Custody Evaluation

  19. The Hostage Metaphor

  20. You Are All in This Together


All the articles, blogs, posted on Psychology Today Online


Parental Alienation: What can an Alienated Parent do?

For starters, information is power. Here’s how to get it.  Susan Heitler, Ph.D. 2/27/20

Psychology Today Online


Parental Alienation:  Child Abuse?...Reportable? by Robert A. Evans, Ph.D.


Parents Affected by Parental Alienation, Stages of Grief by Childrensrightsfl

Understanding Stages of Grief applied to Parents Affected by Parental Child Abduction / Alienation / Retention | Parental Kidnapping and Abduction Recovery.


Why Do PAS Parents Act Like They Do?

Parental Alienation Syndrome: How to Detect It and What to Do About It

by J. Michael Bone, Ph.D. and Michael R. Walsh
Although parental alienation syndrome (PAS) is a familiar term, there is still a great deal of confusion and unclarity about its nature, dimensions, and, therefore, its detection. Its presence, however, is unmistakable. In a longitudinal study of 700 “high conflict” divorce cases followed over 12 years, it was concluded that elements of PAS are present in the vast majority of the samples. Diagnosis of PAS is reserved for mental health professionals who come to the court in the form of expert witnesses. Diagnostic hallmarks usually are couched in clinical terms that remain vague and open to interpretation and, therefore. susceptible to argument pro and con by opposing experts. The phenomenon of one parent turning the child against the other parent is not a complicated concept, but historically it has been difficult to identify clearly. Consequently, cases involving PAS are heavily litigated, filled with accusations and counter accusations, and thus leave the court with an endless search for details that eventually evaporate into nothing other than rank hearsay. It is our experience that the PAS phenomenon leaves a trail that can be identified more effectively by removing the accusation hysteria, and looking ahead in another positive direction.
Download the full article here.



Parental Alienation Syndrome: Examining the Validity Amid Controversy

by J. Michael Bone, Ph.D.
Use of the diagnosis of Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) in family law cases has generated substantial debate. When one parent alleges the other is alienating a child or committing a similar wrongdoing, it is incumbent upon the attorneys within the adversarial process to explore and challenge the factual basis of both positions. In cases involving PAS, not only is the diagnosis of PAS questioned in predictable ways in the courtroom, the critique often extends on a more personal level to the syndrome’s originator, Richard Gardner, M.D. Much of the literature often considered by courts as authoritative in challenging Gardner or PAS is based on opinion rather than fact.

Download the full article here.


Parental Alienation Syndrome: An Age-Old Custody Problem

by Michael R. Walsh and J. Michael Bone, Ph.D.
The term parental alienation syndrome (PAS), first described by Richard Gardner, is also sometimes referred to as “brainwashing.”(1) Its concept and dynamics include a complex network of involvement and motives on the part of all members acting in this family drama. Furthermore, each of them usually takes his or her role in the alienation process well before the dissolution or separation process begins.

Download the full article here.



Surviving Parental Alienation: A Journey of Hope and Healing
by Amy J.L. Baker PhD, Paul R. Fine LCSW, et al.


Co-Parenting with a Toxic Ex: What to Do When Your Ex-Spouse Tries to Turn the Kids Against You by Amy J.L. Baker PhD, Paul R. Fine LCSW, et al.


Adult Children of Parental Alienation Syndrome: Breaking the Ties That Bind (Norton Professional Book) by Amy J. L. Baker Ph.D.

Getting Through My Parents’ Divorce: A Workbook for Children Coping with Divorce, Parental Alienation, and Loyalty Conflicts 
by Amy J. L. Baker PhD and Katherine C. Andre PhD


Understanding Parental Alienation: Learning to Cope, Helping to Heal
by Karen Woodall and Nick Woodall


Parental Alienation: The Handbook for Mental Health and Legal Professionals (Behavioral Science and Law)
by Demosthenes Lorandos, William Bernet, et al.


Bonded to the Abuser: How Victims Make Sense of Childhood Abuse by Amy J.L. Baker and Mel Schneiderman

The International Handbook of Parental Alienation Syndrome: Conceptual, Clinical And Legal Considerations (American Series in Behavioral Science and Law)
by Richard A. Gardner, Richard S. Sauber, et al.

The Boys and Girls Book About Divorce: For Children and Their Divorced Parents–The Essential Book by Richard Gardner

The Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Guide for Mental Health and Legal Professionals
by Richard A. Gardner